Uno, K. T., Fisher, D. C., Wittemyer, G., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Carpenter, N., Omondi, P., Cerling, T. E.

Forward and inverse methods for extracting climate and diet information from stable isotope profiles in proboscidean molars (2020)
Quaternary International, Volume 557, 2020, Pages 92-109, ISSN 1040-6182
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Weideman, H., Stewart, C., Parham, J., Holmberg, J., Flynn, K., Calambokidis, J., Paul, D, B., Bedetti, A., Henley, M., Lepirei, J., Pope, F.

Extracting identifying contours for African elephants and humpback whales using a learned appearance model (2020)
2020 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)
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Kinyanjui, M.W., Raja, N.R.,  Ewan J Brennan, E. J., King, L. E., Tiller, L. N

Local attitudes and perceived threats of human-elephant conflict: a case study at Lake Jipe, Kenya (2020)
Pachyderm No. 61 July 2019–June 2020
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Wittemyer, G., Daballen, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I

Differential influence of human impacts on age-specific demography underpins trends in an African elephant population (2021)
Ecosphere 12(8):e03720. 10.1002/ecs2.3720 August 2021
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Parker, J.M., Webb, C.T., Daballen, D., Goldenberg, S.Z., Lepirei, J., Letitiya, D., Lolchuragi, D., Leadismo, C., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G.

Poaching of African elephants indirectly decreases population growth through lowered orphan survival (2021)
Current Biology, 2021, ISSN 0960-9822, (
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Mortimer B., Walker J. A., Lolchuragi D. S., Reinwald M., Daballen D

Noise matters: elephants show risk-avoidance behaviour in response to human-generated seismic cues (2021)
Proc. R. Soc. B.2882021077420210774
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Okita-Ouma, B., Koskei, M., Tiller, L., Lala, F., King, L., Moller, R., Amin, R. and Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Effectiveness of wildlife underpasses and culverts in connecting elephant habitats: a case study of new railway through Kenya’s Tsavo National Parks (2021)
Afr J Ecol.
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Hart, J., Gobush, K., Maisels, F., Wasser, S., Okita-Ouma, B., & Slotow, R.

African forest and savannah elephants treated as separate species (2021)
Oryx , Volume 55 , Issue 2 , March 2021 , pp. 170 - 171 DOI:
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Wall, J., Wittemyer, G., Klinkenberg, B., LeMay, V., Blake, S., Strindberg, S., Henley, H., Vollrath, F., Maisels, F., Ferwerda, J., Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Human footprint and protected areas shape elephant range across Africa (2021)
Current Biology 31, 1–9, June 7, 2021 DOI:
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Ihwagi, F.W., Chira, R.M., Kironchi, G., Vollrath, F. and Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Rainfall pattern and nutrient content influences on African elephants’ debarking behaviour in Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves, Kenya (2021)
African Journal of Ecology, 50, 152-159.
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Tiller, L.N., Humle, T., Amin, R., Deere, N.J., Lago, B.O., Leader-Williams, N., Sinoni, F.K., Sitati, N., Walpole, M., Smith, R.J.

Changing seasonal, temporal and spatial crop-raiding trends over 15 years in a human-elephant conflict hotspot (2021)
Biological Conservation Volume 254, February 2021, 108941
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”SHARE YOUR LOVE OF ELEPHANTS THIS GIVING SEASON WITH GIFTS THAT GIVE BACK TO NATURE.   The holiday season is fast approaching! If you haven’t figured out what to give your loved ones yet, don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! Ivory Ella For the elephant lover in your...

Troup, G., Doran, B., Au, J., King, L.E., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Heinsohn, R.

Movement tortuosity and speed reveal the trade-offs of crop raiding for African elephants (2020)
Animal Behaviour 168 (2020) 97e108
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van de Water, A., King, L. E., Arkajak, R., Arkajak, J., van Doormaal, N., Ceccarelli, V., Sluiter, L., Doornwaard, S. M., Praet, V., Owen, D., Matteson, K.

Beehive fences as a sustainable local solution to human‐elephant conflict in Thailand (2020)
Conservation Science and Practice. 2020;e260
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Butler, K., M.

Behaviour and crop-raiding patterns of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus): Can beehive fences help mitigate human-elephant conflict in Sri Lanka? (2020)
B.Sc.(Ecology and Sustainability) (Hons.), M. Env A thesis submitted in total fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy (Environmental Science) Faculty of Science School of Environmental and Life Sciences University of Newcastle New South Wales, Australia August 2019
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Bastille‐Rousseau, G., Wittemyer, G.

Characterizing the landscape of movement to identify critical wildlife habitat and corridors (2020)
Conservation Biology, Volume 0, No. 0, 1–14 © 2020 Society for Conservation Biology DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13519
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Lamprey, R., Ochanda, D., Brett, R., Tumwesigye, C., Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Cameras replace human observers in multi-species aerial counts in Murchison Falls, Uganda (2020)
Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Zoological Society of London doi: 10.1002/rse2.154
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Lamprey, R., Pope, F., Ngene, S., Norton-Griffith, M., Frederick, H., Okita-Ouma, B., Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Comparing an automated high-definition oblique camera system to rear-seat-observers in a wildlife survey in Tsavo, Kenya: Taking multi-species aerial counts to the next level (2019)
Biological Conservation
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Branco M.S, P.S., Merkle, J.A., Pringle, R.M., King, L., Tindall, T., Stalmans, M., Long, R.A.

An experimental test of community-based strategies for mitigating human–wildlife conflict around protected areas (2019)
Conservation Letters. 2019;e12679. 1 of 8
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Taylor, L.A., Vollrath, F., Lambert, B., Lunn, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G.

Movement reveals reproductive tactics in male elephants (2019)
J Anim Ecol. 2019;00:1–11 DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.13035
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Ihwagi, F.I., Skidmore, A.K., Wang, T., Bastille‐Rousseau, G., Toxopeus, A.G., Douglas‐Hamilton, I.

Poaching Lowers Elephant Path Tortuosity: Implications for Conservation (2019)
The Journal of Wildlife Management 1–10; 2019; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21688
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Goldenberg, S.Z, Oduor, S., Kinnaird, M.F., Daballen, D., Douglas‐Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G.

Evidence of strong spatial segregation between elephant subpopulations in the contiguous Laikipia–Samburu ecosystem in Kenya (2016)
African Journal of Ecology, 54(2), 261-264
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Goldenberg, S. Z., Wittemyer, G.

Orphaning and natal group dispersal are associated with social costs in female elephants (2018)
Elsevier Animal Behaviour Volume 143, September 2018, Pages 1-8
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Koskei M., Okita-Ouma B., Lala F., Mwazo A., Kibara D., Tiller L., King L., Pope F. & Douglas-Hamilton I.

The effect of the new standard gauge railway (SGR) on elephant movement in Tsavo Ecosystem, Kenya (March 2016 – March 2018) (2018)
Save The Elephants & Kenya Wildlife Service
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Ruto, E.

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Johnson, A. S.

The Effects of Tactile and Visual Deterrents on Honey Badger Predation of Beehives (2018)
MSc Thesis Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts Animal Behavior and Conservation, Hunter College The City University of New York
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Weinmann, S.

Impacts of Elephant Crop-Raiding on Subsistence Farmers and Approaches to Reduce Human- Elephant Farming Conflict in Sagalla, Kenya (2018)
Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science In Resource Conservation, International Conservation and Development The University of Montana, Missoula, MT
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Mortimer, B., Rees, W. L., Koelemeijer, P, and Nissen-Meyer, T.

Classifying elephant behaviour through seismic vibrations (2018)
Current Biology. Volume 28, Issue 9, 7 May 2018, Pages R547-R548
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Goldenberg, S. Z., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G.

Intergenerational change in African elephant range use is associated with poaching risk, primary productivity and adult mortality. (2018)
Proc. R. Soc. B 285: 20180286.
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Sampson, C., McEvoy, J., Oo, Z. M., Chit, A. M., Chan, A.N., Tonkyn, D., et al.

New elephant crisis in Asia—Early warning signs from Myanmar (2018)
PLoS ONE 13(3): e0194113.
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Bastille‐Rousseau, G., Wall, J., Douglas‐Hamilton, I., Wittemyer, G.

Optimizing the positioning of wildlife crossing structures using GPS telemetry (2018)
J Appl Ecol. 2018;55:2055–2063. First published: 06 February 2018
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Bastille-Rousseau G., Douglas-Hamilton I., Blake S., Northrup J.M., Wittemyer G.

Applying network theory to animal movements to identify properties of landscape space use (2018)
Ecol Appl. 2018 Apr;28(3):854-864. doi: 10.1002/eap.1697.
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Save The Elephants

Living in harmony with elephants (2016)
Save The Elephants Education Program
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Rasmussen, H.B.

Reproductive tactics of male African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana) (2005)
Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford Michaelmas Term 2005
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Goldenberg, S. Z., WITTEMYER, G.

Orphaned female elephant social bonds reflect lack of access to mature adults (2017)
SCIENTIFIC Reports | 7: 14408 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-14712-2
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Cook, R.M., Parrini, F., King, L.E., Witkowski, E.T.F., Henley, M.D

African honeybees as a mitigation method for elephant impact on trees (2017)
Elsevier. Biological Conservation Volume 217, January 2018, Pages 329-336
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Tucker, M. A et al

Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements (2018)
Science. 2018 Jan 26;359(6374):466-469. doi: 10.1126/science.aam9712.
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Okita-­Ouma B., Lala F., Koskei M., Mwazo A., Kibara D., King L., Kanga E. & Douglas-Hamilton I.

Movements of satellite-­linked collared elephants and other wildlife in relation to the Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) and highways in Tsavo ecosystem, Kenya (2016)
Save The Elephants and Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi
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Ihwagi, F.W., Thouless, C, Wang, T., Skidmore, A.K., Omondi, P., Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Night-day speed ratio of elephants as indicator of poaching levels (2017)
Ecological Indicators. Volume 84, January 2018, Pages 38–44
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Ojwang, G.O., Wargute, P.W., Said, M.Y., Worden, J.S., Davidson, Z., Muruthi, P., Kanga, E., Ihwagi, F., Okita-Ouma, B.

Wildlife Migratory Corridors and Dispersal Areas: Kenya Rangelands and Coastal Terrestrial Ecosystems (2017)
Copyright © 2017 Government of the Republic of Kenya
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Okita-Ouma B., Lala F., Koskei M., Mwazo A., Kibara D., King L., & Douglas-Hamilton I.

Tracking and monitoring of elephant movements along the Standard Gauge Railway and highways in the Tsavo Ecosystem, Kenya (March 2016 – June 2017) (2017)
Save The Elephants and Kenya Wildlife Service. Typescript 28 pages
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de Silva, S., Schmid, V., Wittemyer, G.

Fission–fusion processes weaken dominance networks of female Asian elephants in a productive habitat (2017)
Behavioral Ecology (2017), 28(1), 243–252. doi:10.1093/beheco/arw153
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Wittemyer, G., Keating, L. M., Vollrath, F., Douglas-Hamilton, I.

Graph theory illustrates spatial and temporal features that structure elephant rest locations and reflect risk perception (2017)
Ecography, 40: 598–605. doi:10.1111/ecog.02379
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Goldenberg, S. Z., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Daballen, D. and Wittemyer, G.

Challenges of using behavior to monitor anthropogenic impacts on wildlife: a case study on illegal killing of African elephants (2017)
Anim Conserv, 20: 215–224. doi:10.1111/acv.12309
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Turkalo, A. K., Wrege, P. H., Wittemyer, G.

Slow intrinsic growth rate in forest elephants indicates recovery from poaching will require decades (2016)
Journal of Applied Ecology © 2016 British Ecological Society
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Cerling, T.E., Barnettea, J.E., Chessona, L.A., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Gobush, K.S., Unog, K.T., Wasser, S.K., Xui, X.

Radiocarbon dating of seized ivory confirms rapid decline in African elephant populations and provides insight into illegal trade (2016)
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de Silva, S., Schmid, V., Wittemyer, G.

Fission–fusion processes weaken dominance networks of female Asian elephants in a productive habitat (2016)
Behavioral Ecology (2016), 00(00), 1–10. doi:10.1093/beheco/arw153
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