Animal Behaviour 95 (2014) 111-119
The drivers of social affiliation may vary over time as individuals change their goals with respect to changing environments or physical condition. Studies of companion preference rarely consider shifts in motivational state, despite the potential importance of such shifts in structuring association and population processes. Ignoring state dependence in social behaviour may weaken the ability to recognize social properties and identify their underlying drivers. Modifying established approaches, we apply a state-specific analysis to investigate social properties in male African elephants, which are thought to be weakly social.