The Kenya Wildlife Service has accused some residents of making false compensation claims.
The residents claim to have been attacked by wild animals and need to be paid.
Embu and Kirinyaga KWS warden-in-charge Cornelius Mwoka said the residents are taking advantage of the increase of compensation funds to Sh5 million.
He said some people have been falsely seeking for payment for snake bites and attack by crocodiles, elephants and hippos.
Mwoka said the habit is illegal.
He said those found will be arrested and charged.
Mwoka was speaking during presentation of compensation cheques to more than 30 residents from Embu and Kirinyaga yesterday.
They received Sh2.1 million in a ceremony presided over by Embu Lands executive Jamleck Muturi at the KWS headquarters in Embu town.
Muturi cautioned residents against exposing themselves to wild animal attacks by going to their habitats.
He asked parents not to send their children to the dams for water unsupervised.