Save The Elephants and Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi
Introduction and background This joint report by Save the Elephants and Kenya Wildlife Service summarizes preliminary findings of a long-term study on the effects of the Standard Gauge Railway (SGR), the Mombasa - Nairobi highway, the Voi - Taveta highway and other infrastructural developments on elephant movements and ecosystem connectivity in the Tsavo ecosystem. The extent of the utilization of the wildlife crossing structures, examples of exceptional elephant movements, the effect of water distribution on elephant movements, the effects of a recently constructed fence-line along the SGR are assessed and reported on here. The report concludes by listing several management recommendations. The study began in March 2016 when 10 elephants were fitted with satellite tracking collars for monitoring their movements in relation to these new infrastructure projects.